Tagged with culture and context

Education in Pakistan: A historical socio-cultural perspective >> Part 1: Introduction

Today’s post is the first in a six-part series reviewing the historical and current context of education in Pakistan. These posts include: Introduction (this post) Ancient India – Hindu and Buddhist Influences Islamic Influences British Influences A Separate Nation Education in Present-Day Pakistan Some of the information in this series is drawn from the book, “Going … Continue reading

Supporting multiple languages in early childhood

In Canada, as in several parts of the world, many children grow up in multiple linguistic contexts. They often live, learn, and interact in different languages at home, at school, and in other contexts. A number of research studies have demonstrated that it is beneficial for children to grow up bilingual from their earliest years (see … Continue reading

Research ethics: Respecting cultural values while trying to ‘do no harm’ in Pakistan

I was invited to contribute an ethics case study for the “Ethical Research Involving Children: International Charter and Guidelines”. [UPDATE Oct. 30, 2013: The charter has now been published and can be found with additional resources at this website: Ethical Research Involving Children.] In my previous post I described the background context and ethical challenge. Here is … Continue reading

Research ethics: Implementing international guidelines in complex local realities

Many of us who engage in research with children, especially in diverse contexts of the world, often struggle with ethical concerns. In response to this, a group of international researchers has been developing an international set of guidelines and considerations for ethical research with children. The document “Ethical Research Involving Children: International Charter and Guidelines” … Continue reading

Educational and other effects of giving children tablets for learning: Critical questions on the One Laptop Per Child approach

Recent news articles have been discussing the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project being implemented in various parts of the Majority World. Here’s an article at Mashable, and another at Dvice. Basically, the OLPC programme recently gave tablets to Grade-1-aged children in two remote Ethiopian villages. OLPC has given tablets to children before. What was different … Continue reading

Is racism learned during childhood?

Research has shown that children begin to recognize different races very early on, in the first few months of life, and that they are better able to differentiate faces from the race with which they are most familiar (e.g., Kelly et al., 2007). There’s also research showing that, in adulthood, racist perspectives can be seen … Continue reading

Knowledge and responsibility

Last week I was at the American Educational Research Association (AERA) conference, and this week I am at the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) conference. I have been thinking about ‘knowledge’, the ‘application’ of knowledge, and the ‘how’ of that application. At the AERA opening plenary, Linda Tuhiwai Smith spoke on the conference theme … Continue reading